I want to work for a startup in France as an employee

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Do you want to work for a startup? France is the ideal country for that.

 

Find the answers to your questions!

Obtaining a visa, living and working in France

Healthcare and social security

Do you want to work for a startup in France?

Which websites should I visit?

Finding a job in a innovative company

 

To keep the French Tech momentum going, our startups will have to hire thousands over the coming years.

The French Tech Next40/120 program offers support to French scaleups with the potential to become global technology leaders. Every year, 120 French startups are selected to take part in the program.

Have a look at the following websites:

Obtaining a visa, living and working in France

 

I am abroad and wish to be hired by a startup in France. What are the different stages of the process?

Which talent passport meets my requirements?

 

You are going to be recruited by an innovative company

The “Skilled Employee/Innovative Company Talent Passport” is for you. There are two types of circumstance:

  • A skilled employee recruited by a recognised innovative company (French Tech for Employees)
    • You must be recruited by an innovative company officially recognised as such by the Ministry for the Economy. To obtain a recognition certificate, your future employer must visit this website: Simplified formalities.
    • Or be recruited by a young innovative company (jeune entreprise innovante – JEI) within the meaning of the French General Tax Code (an advance ruling can be requested from the Public Finances Directorate of the département or region in which your future employer is located).
    • You must perform duties related to the company’s research and development project or to the economic, social, international or environmental aspects of the project.
    • You must receive a salary equal to at least twice the gross annual minimum wage, i.e., €37,309.92 as at January 1, 2021.

 

  • Skilled employee with a qualification obtained in France
    • You need to have obtained a qualification in France that is at least equivalent to a MASTERS degree.
    • You must receive a salary equal to at least twice the gross annual minimum wage, i.e., €37,309.92 as at January 1, 2021.

 

You are highly skilled

The “European Blue Card Talent Passport” is for you. Conditions for obtaining a “European Blue Card Talent Passport”:

  • You need to have performed a highly skilled professional role for a period of one year or more.
  • You must hold a qualification obtained after at least 3 years of higher education or have 5 years of professional experience of a comparable level.
  • You must receive an annual gross salary equal to at least 1.5 times the average annual “gross reference salary”, i.e., €53,836.50 (€4,486/month).

 

You are joining an entity within your company or group as a skilled employee on assignment

The “Employee on Assignment Talent Passport” is for you. Conditions for obtaining an “Employee on Assignment Talent Passport”:

  • You will need to have worked for the company or group for at least 3 months and be assigned to a French-based company in the same group for more than 3 months.
  • You must receive a salary equal to at least 1.8 times the gross annual minimum wage, i.e., €33,578.93 as at 1 January 2021, and have an employment contract in France.

I will be staying in France for 12 months or less. What is the procedure?

 

  • Step 1: To be eligible for the French Tech Visa for Employees, ask your future employer for a certificate attesting to the innovative nature of the company’s activities. This certificate is not required if you hold a Masters degree that you obtained in France.
  • Step 2: Apply for a long-stay visa equivalent to a residence permit (visa de long séjour valant titre de séjour – VLS-TS) at a consulate. To complete your visa application and view the list of documents you must provide, visit the France-visas website: france-visas.gouv.fr
  • Step 3: Collect your VLS-TS from the consulate.
  • Step 4: within 3 months of arriving in France, validate your VLS-TS online at the following website: administration-etrangers-en-france.interieur.gouv.fr.

I will be staying in France for more than 12 months. What is the procedure?

 

  • Step 1: To be eligible for the French Tech Visa for Employees, ask your future employer for a certificate attesting to the innovative nature of the company’s activities. This certificate is not required if you hold a Masters degree that you obtained in France.
  • Step 2: Submit your long-stay visa (visa de long séjour – VLS) application to the consulate. To complete your visa application and view the list of documents you must provide, visit the France-visas website: france-visas.gouv.fr
  • Step 3: Collect your 3-month VLS from the consulate. This will allow you to travel to France.
  • Step 4: Submit your application for a talent passport residence permit to your local Préfecture within two months of arriving in France. To view the list of documents you must provide, visit the following website: accueil-etrangers.gouv.fr. You will be issued with a temporary residence permit (autorisation provisoire de séjour – APS) when you submit your application. It will allow you to travel abroad while you wait for your talent passport residence permit to be issued.
  • Step 5: Collect your talent passport residence permit from the Préfecture.

I am already in France

I am an employee and would like to renew my talent passport. What is the procedure?

 

If you are already in France and wish to renew your talent passport so that it remains unchanged (the reason for your stay must also remain the same), you can do so without difficulty as long as you fulfil all the conditions.

You must carry out the necessary formalities through the Préfecture of your place of residence two months before your VLS-TS or your current residence permit expires.

After 5 years in France, you can apply for a 10-year residence card.

A startup wants to recruit me. How do I proceed?

 

 

If you are already in France and wish to apply for a talent passport to enable you to carry out your plans, you can do so without difficulty as long as you fulfil all the conditions.

  • Step 1: To be eligible for the French Tech Visa for Employees, ask your future employer for a certificate attesting to the innovative nature of the company’s activities. This certificate is not required if you hold a Masters degree that you obtained in France.
  • Step 2: Submit your application for a talent passport residence permit to your local Préfecture. To view the list of documents you must provide, visit the accueil-etrangers.gouv.fr website.
  • Step 3: Collect your talent passport residence permit from the Préfecture.

My current residence permit is not compatible with my future professional role. What should I do?

 

If you are already in France and wish to apply for a talent passport to allow you to carry out your plans (you are a researcher or student recruited by an innovative company, etc.), you can do so without difficulty as long as you fulfil all the conditions.

You must carry out the necessary formalities through the Préfecture of your place of residence as soon as your circumstances change and before your current residence permit expires.

After 5 years in France, you can apply for a 10-year residence card.

As an employee in France, if I lose my job, what impact does this have on my right to stay?

 

You hold a talent passport that allows you to work as an employee and you become unemployed involuntarily on your permit’s renewal date: the document is renewed for the period of time for which you are entitled to claim unemployment benefits, which is based on the rights you have accumulated through employment.

Frequently asked questions

Once in France, can I travel freely?

 

If you are staying in France for 12 months or less: You have a long-stay visa equivalent to a residence permit, which allows you to cross borders easily.

If you are staying in France for more than 12 months: Within two months of arriving in France (before your long-stay visa expires), when you submit your residence permit application, the Préfecture will provide you with a temporary residence permit (APS) which will allow you to travel and cross borders easily, whether for professional or personal reasons, while you await your residence permit.

My future employer is an innovative company. How can I prove this?

 

To be recognised as innovative, the company only needs to meet one of the following criteria:

  • Criterion 1: it must have received government support for innovation in the last 5 years; the forms of support covered are listed here. All eligible forms of support are specified in the decree setting out the list of government support mechanisms for innovation.  FUI (Interministerial Fund) grants, ERDF funding and research tax credit (CIR) are not included.
  • Criterion 2: a portion of its capital must be held by an entity or investment fund whose main purpose is to finance or invest in innovative companies and whose securities are not listed on an exchange; these entities are listed here.
  • Criterion 3: it must have received support in the last 5 years from a body founded to support innovative companies.

 

Requesting a certificate recognising the innovative nature of the companyAccess the platform

The démarches-simplifiées.fr platform specifies that you must provide a sworn statement at the end of the procedure. Is there a standard template?

 

Yes, you can find a standard sworn statement template on the website entreprises.gouv.fr : here

My company is a JEI (young innovative company) and I want to recruit a foreign employee. Do I need to obtain a certificate of recognition of the innovative nature of my company?

 

No. If you have JEI (young innovative company) tax status, you already have the ability to recruit a foreign employee who holds a talent passport for skilled employees of a JEI.

 

I have a Holiday-Work visa and a startup wants to recruit me

 

If you have a valid holiday-work visa and you want to work for a start-up based in France, you cannot do so directly. Indeed, when you applied for a Holiday-Work Visa, you undertook not to settle in France for an extended period of time. You must therefore return to your country of origin and apply for a long-stay visa that is compatible with your plan to settle.

Can my family accompany me?

What is the procedure?

 

Your family can apply for a family talent passport, which will simplify the conditions under which they may accompany you: your spouse can work and any children you have with them (in the case of reconstituted families) can accompany you.

What types of profession are permitted?

 

Your spouse can exercise any profession thanks to the Family Talent Passport.

Healthcare and social security

How do I register for social security?

 

Any person who works professionally on French territory will immediately have their healthcare costs paid by the French social security system in the event of illness or pregnancy.

It is up to your employer to register you for social security. No later than 8 days before you take up your post, the latter must send the government agency responsible for collecting social security contributions (Unions de recouvrement des cotisations de sécurité sociale et d’allocations familiales – URSSAF) a pre-recruitment declaration. This declaration will initiate an application for registration with the general social security system.

You must then contact the CPAM of your place of residence to request the right to be covered by the national health insurance scheme.

What documents are required?

 

First of all, you will need to provide documents proving that you are staying in France legally:

  • A document proving your identity (passport or identity card).
  • Your residence permit, issued for a period of 6 months or more, depending on your circumstances.
  • A document proving that you have been a stable resident of France for more than 3 months, if you are not yet working professionally.
  • A full birth certificate or one specifying parentage.
  • A copy of a document attesting to your professional circumstances, if you are already working.

You must also complete the health insurance application form (which you can find here) and submit it to your local CPAM office.

Can I be recruited without a social security number?

 

Yes, you can be recruited without a social security number.

Within a period of 8 days prior to you taking up your post, your employer must carry out the necessary formalities to register you with French social security. A social security number must be obtained within 3 months.

Are my spouse and children covered?

 

Yes, your spouse, partner or civil partner, as well as any children under the age of 18 that you have together, will be covered when you register with the French social security system. Thus, from the moment you are covered by France’s universal health insurance system, your family members will enjoy the same rights as you.

Do I have to take out private insurance?

 

Before you take up your position, and if you have been in France for less than 3 months, you will need to take out private insurance.

Furthermore, the mandatory health insurance system covers only part of your healthcare costs. You will need to pay the remainder (known as the ticket modérateur, which is usually equal to 30% of the total cost), in addition to any excess fees charged by healthcare professionals.

Taking out a supplementary health insurance policy with a private supplementary health insurance company will allow you to cover some or all of the healthcare costs that remain payable by you, depending on the terms of the policy.

As an employee, your employer is required to offer you a supplementary health insurance policy. Your employer will cover 50% of the cost of the premiums.  

What is a provisional social security number?

 

The CPAM or Family Allowance Fund (Caisse d’Allocation Familiale – CAF) will issue you with a temporary number upon presentation of just one of the two documents required for an individual born abroad to be assigned a social security number.

It will be converted into a permanent social security number upon presentation of the second document. The composition of the number will not change when it is converted.

When will I receive the Vitale health insurance card?

 

It takes an average of 15 days for individuals to receive their Vitale card (Carte Vitale). It takes 7 days for the CPAM office to process the request, to which one must add the post office’s delivery time.

What is a mutual insurance company (mutuelle)?

 

Social security reimburses part of your healthcare costs. For all or part of the remainder to be reimbursed, you can take out a supplementary health insurance policy. As an employee, your employer is required to offer you a supplementary health insurance policy. Your employer will cover 50% of the cost of the premiums.

Several different types of organisation offer supplementary health insurance policies: mutual insurance companies (in the majority of cases), traditional insurance companies and provident institutions.

How do I get reimbursed?

 

At the doctor’s 

When you see a doctor, presenting your up-to-date Vitale card enables you to be reimbursed more quickly, without having to send a treatment form (feuille de soin) by post to your local primary health insurance office.

If the doctor does not have the equipment required to scan Vitale cards or if you have forgotten your Vitale card, you must send the treatment form provided by the doctor to your local primary health insurance office by post.

If you have provided your local primary health insurance office with details of your supplementary health cover, the CPAM will send the form to your supplementary health insurance provider directly, so that the latter can refund you the remaining amount payable for your consultation.

 

In pharmacies 

If you produce your up-to-date Vitale card and your supplementary health insurance card, you will only pay the pharmacist the share of the cost that is not reimbursed either by social security or by your supplementary health insurance provider, if you have one.

What is a treating physician?

 

Your treating physician can be a general practitioner or a specialist, working either in the community or in a hospital. They play a central role in guiding and monitoring patients throughout the treatment process.

Their knowledge of the patient allows the doctor to play a unique role in informing them about the prevention of ill health, screening, disease monitoring and therapeutic education.

The treating physician coordinates all the treatment their patient receives. They refer them to specialists or hospital wards when required and centralise all their information: test results, diagnoses and treatments. They therefore have a general overview of their patient’s state of health, a real advantage that enables the doctor to provide them with the most appropriate care.

When they have a patient with a long-term illness, the treating physician is responsible for developing a treatment protocol, a tool allowing medical practitioners to liaise and which helps improve the coordination of treatment.

What is the coordinated treatment process?

 

The coordinated treatment process places the treating physician in charge of coordinating the treatment your medical condition requires.

It ensures better coverage of healthcare costs.

To benefit from this process, an insured individual must choose and declare a treating physician. This requires them to consult their treating physician first if they have any medical issues. If they fail to do so, the sum reimbursed will be lower (except for under-16s).

This does not apply when consulting dental surgeons, midwives, gynaecologists, ophthalmologists, psychiatrists, neuro-psychiatrists and stomatologists.

I have resided in France in the past and already have a social security number. Should I request a new one?

 

No, a unique social security number is assigned to all insured individuals and is permanent: it remains valid even if it was issued a long time ago.

Insured individuals can only have one social security number and each number can only be assigned to a single individual.

I have questions about my arrival in France, who can I contact?

Our Welcome to la French Tech service answers all your questions about settling in France.

Thanks to “My procedures” you can also generate a personalized itinerary allowing you to visualize the main steps to be taken before and during the year of your installation in France.

Contact us!