I want to invest in France
Date of update
Do you want to invest in startups? France is the ideal place.
Find the answers to your questions!
I am looking for general information on the French Tech ecosystem and opportunities
Which websites should I visit?
“La French Tech” is the startup scene here in France. It is also a unique movement bringing together startups, investors, policymakers and community builders. Its mission? To make France one of the greatest places in the world to launch and grow global companies that make sense for the future.
La French tech has put together a huge network of 13 French Tech capitals, 38 French Tech communities in France and 48 French Tech communities based in 100 cities all over the world. Everyday they stimulate their local ecosystem, they are committed to developing it and supporting French Tech goals.
Have a look at La French Tech website
Obtaining a visa, living and working in France
I am abroad and want to invest in France. What are the different stages of the process?
Which talent passport meets my requirements?
If you want to invest in France, the “Economic Investment” talent passport is for you. The conditions you must fulfil to obtain an “Economic Investment” talent passport are as follows:
- Make a direct investment in France or act in a personal capacity through a company in which you hold at least a 30% stake.
- Invest at least €300,000 on French soil.
- Create or safeguard jobs in the years following the investment.
How can I take advantage of the French Tech Visa for Investors procedure?
The French Tech Visa procedure is intended for foreign talents who wish to join the French business ecosystem. It provides them with a “Talent Passport” residence permit that enables them to settle and work in France.
Investors eligible for the Talent Passport for Economic Investors and who are involved in the new-technologies sector can take advantage of the French Tech Visa for Investors procedure.
- Step 1: Your application will be processed individually. Go to the dedicated platform to start the procedure.
- Step 2: Once they have examined your investment profile and history, the French Tech team will send you an official certificate that attests to your eligibility for the French Tech Visa for Investors.
- Step 3: Apply for a long-stay visa and/or a residence permit, enclosing the certificate and any other supporting documents. The procedure differs depending on whether you are in France or abroad.
I will be staying in France for 12 months or less. What is the procedure?
- Step 1: If you wish to be eligible for the French Tech Visa for Investors, request your official admission letter online via the dedicated platform.
- Step 2: Submit your application for a long-stay visa equivalent to a residence permit (VLS-TS) to the consulate. To complete your visa application and view the list of documents you must provide, visit the France-visas website.
- Step 3: Collect your VLS-TS from the consulate.
- Step 4: Within 3 months of arriving in France, validate your VLS-TS on the Administration-étrangers website.
I will be staying in France for more than 12 months. What is the procedure?
- Step 1:If you wish to be eligible for the French Tech Visa for Investors, request your official admission letter online via the dedicated platform.
- Step 2: Submit your long-stay visa (VLS) application to the consulate. To complete your visa application and view the list of documents you must provide, visit the France-visas website.
- Step 3: Collect your 3-month VLS from the consulate. This will allow you to travel to France.
- Step 4: Submit your application for a talent passport residence permit to your local Préfecture within 2 months of arriving in France. To view the list of documents you must provide, visit the following website: accueil-etrangers.gouv.fr. You will be issued with a temporary residence permit (APS) when you submit your application. It will allow you to travel abroad while you wait for your talent passport residence permit to be issued.
- Step 5: Collect your talent passport residence permit from the Préfecture.
I am already in France
I am an investor and would like to renew my talent passport. What is the procedure?
If you are already in France and wish to renew your talent passport so that it remains unchanged (the reason for your stay must also remain the same), you can do so without difficulty as long as you fulfil all the conditions.
You must carry out the necessary formalities through the Préfecture of your place of residence two months before your VLS-TS (long-stay visa equivalent to a residence permit) or your current residence permit expires.
After 5 years in France, you can apply for a 10-year residence card.
My current residence permit is not compatible with my future professional role. How can I change my residence permit?
If you are already in France and wish to apply for a new talent passport to enable you to carry out your plans, you can do so without difficulty as long as you meet all the conditions.
You must carry out the necessary formalities through the Préfecture of your place of residence as soon as your circumstances change and before your current permit expires.
After 5 years in France, you can apply for a 10-year residence card.
Frequently asked questions
Once in France, can I travel freely?
If you are staying in France for 12 months or less: You have a long-stay visa equivalent to a residence permit, which allows you to cross borders easily.
If you are staying in France for more than 12 months: Within two months of arriving in France (before your long-stay visa expires), when you submit your residence permit application, the Préfecture will provide you with a temporary residence permit (APS) which will allow you to travel and cross borders easily, whether for professional or personal reasons, while you await your residence permit.
Can I work as an employee under an “Investor” talent passport?
The investor talent passport allows you to conduct business activities related to the investment project for which it was issued.
You cannot work as an employee.
I have a Holiday-Work visa and wish to invest in France.
If you have a valid Holiday-Work Visa and would like to invest in France, you cannot do so directly. Indeed, when you applied for a Holiday-Work Visa, you undertook not to settle in France for an extended period of time. You must therefore return to your country of origin and apply for a long-stay visa that is compatible with your plan to settle.
Can my family accompany me?
What is the procedure?
Your family can apply for a family talent passport, which will simplify the conditions under which they may accompany you: your spouse can work and any children you have with them (in the case of reconstituted families) can accompany you.
What types of profession are permitted?
Your spouse can exercise any profession thanks to the Family Talent Passport.
Healthcare and social security
How do I register for social security?
If you want to invest in a company operating in France, whether it already exists or is being newly set up, you will be in one of two situations.
You work in France, either as an employee or as a self-employed individual. In this case, you are covered by the universal health insurance system under the terms applicable to employees or self-employed individuals.
For the time being, you are not working professionally in France, therefore you will only be able to enjoy French social security rights after 3 months of stable and legal residence in the country. You will then have to apply for social security cover by submitting the relevant form to the primary health insurance office (which you can find here), together with the supporting documents specified in the form.
What documents are required?
First of all, you will need to provide documents proving that you are staying in France legally:
- A document proving your identity (passport or identity card).
- Your residence permit, issued for a period of 6 months or more, depending on your circumstances.
- A document proving that you have been a stable resident of France for more than 3 months, if you are not yet working professionally.
- A full birth certificate or one specifying parentage.
- A copy of a document attesting to your professional circumstances, if you are working.
You must also complete the health insurance application form (which you can find here) and submit it to your local CPAM office.
Are my spouse and children covered?
Yes, your spouse, partner or civil partner, as well as any children under the age of 18 that you have together, will be covered when you register with the French social security system. Thus, from the moment you are covered by France’s universal health insurance system, your family members will enjoy the same rights as you.
Do I have to take out private insurance?
Until you have registered your company and if you have been in France for less than 3 months, you will need to take out private insurance.
Furthermore, the mandatory health insurance system covers only part of your healthcare costs. You will need to pay the remainder (known as the ticket modérateur, which is usually equal to 30% of the total cost), in addition to any excess fees charged by healthcare professionals.
Taking out a supplementary health insurance policy with a private supplementary health insurance company will allow you to cover some or all of the healthcare costs that remain payable by you, depending on the terms of the policy taken out.
What is a provisional social security number?
The CPAM or Family Allowance Fund (Caisse d’Allocation Familiale – CAF) will issue you with a temporary number upon presentation of just one of the two documents required for an individual born abroad to be assigned a social security number.
It will be converted into a permanent social security number upon presentation of the second document. The composition of the number will not change when it is converted.
When will I receive the Vitale health insurance card?
It takes an average of 15 days for individuals to receive their Vitale card. It takes 7 days for the CPAM office to process the request, to which one must add the post office’s delivery time.
What is a mutual insurance company (mutuelle)?
Social security reimburses part of your healthcare costs. For all or part of the remainder to be reimbursed, you can take out a supplementary health insurance policy.
Several different types of organisation offer supplementary health insurance policies: mutual insurance companies (in the majority of cases), traditional insurance companies and provident institutions.
How do I get reimbursed?
At the doctor’s
When you see a doctor, presenting your up-to-date Vitale card enables you to be reimbursed more quickly, without having to send a treatment form (feuille de soin) to your local primary health insurance office by post.
If the doctor does not have the equipment required to scan Vitale cards or if you have forgotten your Vitale card, you must send the treatment form provided by the doctor to your local primary health insurance office by post.
If you have provided your local primary health insurance office with details of your supplementary health cover, the CPAM will send the form to your supplementary health insurance provider directly, so that the latter can refund you the remaining amount payable for your consultation.
If you produce your up-to-date Vitale card and your supplementary health insurance card, you will only pay the pharmacist the share of the cost that is not reimbursed either by social security or by your supplementary health insurance provider, if you have one.
If the full amount is reimbursed, you will have nothing to pay to the pharmacy.
What is a treating physician?
Your treating physician can be a general practitioner or a specialist, working either in the community or in a hospital. They play a central role in guiding and monitoring patients throughout the treatment process.
Their knowledge of the patient allows the doctor to play a unique role in informing them about the prevention of ill health, screening, disease monitoring and therapeutic education.
The treating physician coordinates all the treatment their patient receives. They refer them to specialists or hospital wards when required and centralise all their information: test results, diagnoses and treatments. They therefore have a general overview of their patient’s state of health, a real advantage that enables the doctor to provide them with the most appropriate care.
When they have a patient with a long-term illness, the treating physician is responsible for developing a treatment protocol, a tool allowing medical practitioners to liaise and which helps improve the coordination of treatment.
What is the coordinated treatment process?
The coordinated treatment process places the treating physician in charge of coordinating the treatment your medical condition requires.
It ensures better coverage of healthcare costs.
To benefit from this process, an insured individual must choose and declare a treating physician. This requires them to consult their treating physician first if they have any medical issues. If they fail to do so, the sum reimbursed will be lower (except for under-16s).
This does not apply when consulting dental surgeons, midwives, gynaecologists, ophthalmologists, psychiatrists, neuro-psychiatrists and stomatologists.
I have resided in France in the past and already have a social security number. Should I request a new one?
No, a unique social security number is assigned to all insured individuals and is permanent: it remains valid even if it was issued a long time ago.
Insured individuals can only have one social security number and each number can only be assigned to a single individual.
I have questions about my arrival in France, who can I contact?
Our Welcome to la French Tech service answers all your questions about settling in France.
Thanks to “My procedures” you can also generate a personalized itinerary allowing you to visualize the main steps to be taken before and during the year of your installation in France.